TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. RPS Info, RPAS Regulations & Related Links
- RPS Info : The overall objective of this web site is to make information on remotely piloted systems [unmanned aircraft systems (UAS), remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS, drones, unmanned ground vehicles (UGV) & unmanned naval vehicles (UNV)] from all over the world available in order to promote international awareness. This web site contains a very extensive brochure & document library, as well as a photo library.
See : rps-info.com
- RPAS Regulations : This web site is totally dedicated to rules & regulations relevant to remotely piloted aircraft systems/drones. It endeavours to monitor the creation of rules & regulations on all continents and make them (the complete texts) available for consultation. It is the largest repository of such documents in the world that is accessible to all (free registration required). It features a “Community Info” section where recently published documents of interest are posted (free access, registration not required).
- UAS Vision : An independent global forum for the Unmanned Aircraft Systems community.
Its aim is to provide a daily news service covering all topics related to UAS/RPAS.
See : www.uasvision.com
2. National RPAS Associations
|AAI (Austrian Aeronautics Industry Group), Austria :
This Austrian non-profit association was founded in 1999. It represents the common interests of its members, namely the Austrian companies and organisations with business or research activities in the aeronautics/supply/industry, as well as in the sector of aircraft maintenance & service.
|ACUO (Australian Certified UAV Operators Inc.), Australia :
A national not for profit association first started in 2009 and formally registered in Queensland on the 31 March 2010.
The association is bound by a Constitution to:
– Protect the interests of CASA Certified UAV Operators
– Establish the association as a responsible authority and;
– Promote the growth and expansion of the commercial UAS industry in Australia
See : www.acuo.org.au
|APANT (Associação Portuguesa de Aeronaves Não Tripuladas), Portugal :
The Portuguese national association dedicated to the introduction of RPAS into Portuguese airspace and their safe, efficient and sustainable operation.See: www.apant.pt
|ARPAS (Association of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems), UK :
The national UK association of RPAS operators employing RPAS with a mass of less than 20 kg. Its objectives are: a) the organisation, representation, promotion and encouragement of flying & operation of small RPAS; b) to assist and guide company members; c) to promote the collaboration between members and the co-operation with National Aviation Authorities or other government departments; d) to produce, collect and distribute information in connection with RPAS; e) to encourage and support research relative to RPAS; f) to establish and support, financially or otherwise or aid in the establishment and support of any educational scheme or establishment with benefit to the small RPAS operating community.
|ARPASA (Asociacion RPAS Argentina), Argentina :
A national not-for-profit association started up in 2015. It federates the Argentinian RPAS community [manufacturers (systems & sub-systems), operators & other service providers, distributors, academia, research organisations & institutes].
See : www.arpasa.com.ar
|ASSORPAS (Associazione Italiana per i Light RPAS), Italy :
the first Italian Association created to aggregate companies in the field of small unmanned aircraft (micro and mini RPAS).
|Swiss Federation of Civil Drones
|CUAASA (Commercial Unmanned Aircraft Association of Southern Africa):
The aim of the association is to serve, promote, watch over, advance and mutually protect the interest of the commercial unmanned aircraft industry, and to act as a link between the industry and government, government agencies and other public bodies within the Southern African region. The association’s purpose is to represent the interests of member companies and affiliated groups and associations at local, national and regional levels. We provide a platform for all members of the commercial unmanned aviation industry to voice their concerns and participate in the affairs of this new sector in aviation. CUAASA believes that growth in this market will be the next challenge in aviation and of real importance for the Southern African continent. Our goal is to ensure that the future benefits of unmanned aerial aviation and systems for the Southern African continent is fully understood, accepted by all and supported by industry and government.
EUKA, a Belgian national industry association, endeavours to support in the acceleration, expansion and deepening of the new drone industry by being a ‘guide’ or ‘front office’ for the multiple companies and organisations involved. EUKA works with a cluster team that concentrates on four main themes:
Legislation: We inform our members about the regulations concerning drones and we offer advice to the policy makers and the government based on our members’ input).
Matchmaking: We want to bring together all the stakeholders in the drone industry. We achieve this online through social media as well as offline through events, workshops, seminars, etc).
Idea to Market: We encourage all the different communities to generate innovative ideas, in order to hatch them into market-ready concepts.
Global Market: Through foreign missions and via booths on several conventions we try to promote the Flemish drone-industry around the world.
EUKA works according to the well-known Triple Helix model, which permits to bring the drone cluster together with the drone industry and the end users. Through partnerships with different federations, knowledge institutions and government entities we offer them a unique business network.
|EuroSDR (formerly OEEPE) is a pan-European organisation established by International Treaty, as OEEPE, in 1953 in Paris in accordance with a recommendaion passed by the Council of the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation, The spatial data research interests of European countries are represented through the membership in EuroSDR of national organisations from their production and research sectors.
EuroSDR is a not-for-profit organisation linking National Mapping and Cadastral Agencies with Research Institutes and Universities in Europe for the purpose of applied research in spatial data provision, management and delivery. The result is a network of delegates, from European Geographic Information organisations and research institutes, effectively and practically addressing Europe’s spatial data research requirements.
|FPDC (Fédération Professionelle du Drone Civil), France:
Professional Civil Drone Federation (FPDC) is an association governed by the law of 1901 which brings together private and institutional actors in the field of French drone, including manufacturers and operators.
This association aims to support and coordinate the efforts of national and international promotion relating to the potential of unmanned aircraft in the civil sector. The FPDC wants to become a partner of reference for the young field of civil UAV France, both with tutelary authorities and private parties such as insurers and media.
Facilitating the exchange and cooperation between the various stakeholders, the FPDC can find joint innovative solutions, opening this new industry a powerful future.
|JDC (Japan Drone Consortium), Japan
Japan Drone Consortium (JDC), founded in 2012 and established in Inage-ku, Chiba, Japan, is a duly registered national organisation federating Japanese drone manufacturers, operators, distributors, public & private R&D institutions, and various institutions & organisations with drone-related activities (including public organisations & universities). It is involved in drone-related research and development (with an emphasis on autonomous flight missions), social implementation, and promoting industrial growth. JDC currently has 280 corporate members and is nationally recognized as a major drone community stakeholder. In coordination with its members, the organisation addresses the following topics in specific working groups: command & control, manufacturer’s responsibility, drone flight rules (code of conduct), identification, registration, UTM/U-Space, maintenance requirements, standards (JDC is a member of ISO TC20/SC16), pilot training & certification. In the context of pilot training, JDC has elaborated the Basic Manoeuvring course and is preparing courses covering: Operational Safety, Autonomous Flight, Flight Frequency Planning (in coordination with the Japan Drone Radio Association). There are currently 15 independent drone pilot schools in Japan accredited by JDC.
|JUIDA (Japan UAV Industrial Development Association), Japan
Japan UAV Industrial Development Association (JUIDA) was established in July 2014 with the aim of supporting the creation of new industries and markets for Japan’s UAS and to contribute to the sound development of the drone industry. JUIDA undertakes information dissemination activities on national and international levels relative to all issues pertaining to unmanned aircraft systems, with a clear focus on operational safety measures, including pilot and operational safety officer training & qualification (and the associated certificates), as well as on the certification of flight training schools.
|KDAA, South Korea
|SBSL – Stowarzyszenie Bezzałogowe Systemy Latające, Poland.
Polish national RPAS association.
|SZUAVIA (Shenzhen UAV Industry Association), China
Registered in October, 2015, Shenzhen UAV Industry Association (SZUAVIA) is a non-profit organization with 32 corporate members whose overall goal is promote the healthy and scientific development of Shenzhen UAV industrial community, and improve its overall competitiveness. Aiming at building a consensus between members and pursuing the common interests, SZUAVIA creates a diversified industry platform, collects high-quality resources of industrial chains and contributes to the development of the technical standards for the UAV industry. Along with China UAV Industry Alliance, two technical committees and other member associations, SZUAVIA has published eight community standards regarding general and innovative UAV technology. Starting in 2015, SZUAVIA is the organizer of the Shenzhen International UAV expo. SZUAVIA has established the China UAV Racing Alliance, UAS Standardization Committee and UAV Technical Experts Committee. Besides investigating and promoting safe UAS applications, SZUAVIA also organizes business meetings between member companies and government organisations, reviews advanced technology and products, organizes demonstrations of UAS products, as well as technical seminars and innovation forums.
|UAS Denmark, Denmark:
This a national working group that brings together the national RPAS value chain and addresses national Danish RPAS related matters
under the guidance of the Hans Christian Anderson airport.
|UAS Norway: established in January 2008 as the national UAS organization of Norway.
The organization is non-profit and independent, open to all private and public businesses and organizations related to unmanned aircraft.
The main areas of activity for UAS-Norway are to:
– Represent the UAS community of Norway.
– Promote a UAS policy that are in line with Norwegian UAS industry and operators.
– Suggest national UAS related committees for Norway.
– Promote Norwegian UAS industry and operators interests in international forums.
– Establish UAS-Norway as a natural consultation body in UAS-related matters
– Promote and participate in rule development in co-operation with national and international organizations and authorities.
– Coordinate UAS activities with the national aviation authorities (CAA) and with ATC (AVINOR), and other other airspace users.
– Promote the knowledge about UAS, their usage and benefits.
|UAS Sweden, Sweden :
The national Swedish association of nationally approved RPAS operators.
|UAV DACH, Germany: German speaking group for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV). Its objectives are:
– Introduction of UAS (Unmanned Aircraft System) in civil airspace
– Evaluation of approval-relevant technologies, specification of research requirements, e.g. sense & avoid, data links, etc.
– Certifiability of required technologies
– Forum for manufacturer and users
|The Czech alliance for the unmanned aircraft industry was based on the growing market demand for comprehensive and systematic approach representing participants in the newly developing UAV industry while maintaining societal interests. The mission of UAVA is to create prerequisites and optimum conditions for research, development, production, and trade in order to develop UAVs and UAV technology applications, as well as cooperation with institutions and organizations which are directly or indirectly linked to the activity of the associated members notably initiating legal, economic and organizational preconditions in order to support unmanned aircraft industry. The key is cooperation with state and local governments and the national Parliament in the area of unmanned aviation industry. In a societal context, the UAVA advocates for public awareness regarding UAV technology. See: www.uavaliance.cz|
|Unmanned Systems Canada, Canada : Canada’s national non-profit association representing public and private innovation in unmanned vehicle systems. Its objectives are:
– To represent the interests of the unmanned vehicle systems community which includes industry, academia, government, military, and other interested persons
– To promote public awareness, education and appreciation for the Canadian unmanned vehicle systems community to itself, to Canadians and worldwide.
– To provide a single voice for the Canadian unmanned systems community
– To promote and facilitate the growth of the Canadian unmanned vehicle systems community through education, advocacy, and exchange of ideas and technologies
– To assist the Canadian unmanned vehicle systems community to achieve leadership in research, development, application, and operations
|UVS-Romania, Romania : UVS-Romania is a national non-profit association founded in 2012. It represents the common interests of the Romanian unmanned vehicle systems (UVS) community, which includes industry, government, military, academia and other interested persons. The purposes of UVS-Romania are:
– Promote the research, development, manufacturing and use of autonomous vehicles in Romania.
– Assist the association members in their joint activities at national and international level.
Recommend and work to develop laws and regulations in UVS sector in Romania
3. European Aviation Stakeholders
|European Commission, Europe: The European Commission (EC) is the executive body of the European Union responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the Union’s treaties and day-to-day running of the EU. Commissioners swear an oath at the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg, pledging to respect the EU Treaties and to be completely independent in carrying out their duties during their mandate.
|EC DG Entreprise, Europe: The Directorate-General for Enterprise and Industry (DG ENTR) is a Directorate-General of the European Commission. The Enterprise Directorate-General works on creating an environment in which European firms can thrive. The improvement of the business environment is to lead to a growth in productivity and subsequently create the jobs and wealth necessary to achieve the objectives set by the European Council in Lisbon in March 2000.
|EC DG Mobility & Transport, Europe: The Directorate-General for Mobility and Transport (DG MOVE) is a Directorate-General of the European Commission responsible for transport within the European Union. DG MOVE is responsible for developing and implementing European policies in the transport field. Its mission is to ensure that transport policies are designed for the benefit of all sectors of the society. DG MOVE carries out these tasks using legislative proposals and programme management, including the financing of projects.
|EC Joint Research Centre, Europe: The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is a Directorate-General of the European Commission under the responsibility of Máire Geoghegan-Quinn, European Commissioner for Research, Innovation and Science.
As the Commission’s in-house science service, the Joint Research Centre’s mission is to provide EU policies with independent, evidence-based scientific and technical support throughout the whole policy cycle. Working in close cooperation with policy Directorates-General, the JRC addresses key societal challenges while stimulating innovation through developing new methods, tools and standards, and sharing its know-how with the Member States, the scientific community and international partners.
|EASA (European Aviation Safety Agency), Europe : The Agency promotes the highest common standards of safety and environmental protection in civil aviation in Europe and worldwide. It is the centrepiece of a new regulatory system which provides for a single European market in the aviation industry.
The agency’s responsibilities include:
– expert advice to the EU for drafting new legislation;
– implementing and monitoring safety rules, including inspections in the Member States;
– type-certification of aircraft and components, as well as the approval of organisations involved in the design, manufacture and maintenance of aeronautical products;
– authorization of third-country (non EU) operators;
– safety analysis and research.
See : www.easa.europa.eu
Visit EASA page dedicated to RPAS
|EU-China Aviation Partnership Project (APP), China – At the heart of the EU-China APP is the call for closer cooperation between the EU and China at an official and authority level and the linking of technical cooperation with policy dialogue. This is reflected in the project’s objective of strengthening the economic partnership between the EU and China in the civil aviation domain. The project incorporates the idea of a close cooperation between EASA and various European project partners to bring best European aviation expertise to the project. Likewise on the Chinese side, the project will interact with several Chinese stakeholders coordinated by CAAC.
For the first time, the European (EASA) and Chinese aviation authorities (CAAC), directly implement activities together, in close cooperation with their partners. Initiated on 15th September 2015, the EU-China APP is set for a duration of 5 years (2015-2020) with EU funds of 10 million euros. This new approach of cooperation will focus on activities of mutual interest. In particular, eight areas of cooperation have been defined: Regulatory Dialogue on Safety, General Aviation, ATM/ANS and Airports, Airworthiness, Environmental Protection, Economic Policy & Regulation, Aviation Safety & Security, Legislation and law enforcement.
|EUROCONTROL, Europe: Eurocontrol is the European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation. Founded in 1960, it is an international organisation working for seamless, pan-European air traffic management. Eurocontrol is a civil organisation and currently has 40 member states; its headquarters are in Haren, City of Brussels.
Eurocontrol coordinates and plans air traffic control for all of Europe. This involves working with national authorities, air navigation service providers, civil and military airspace users, airports, and other organisations. Its activities involve all gate-to-gate air navigation service operations: strategic and tactical flow management, controller training, regional control of airspace, safety-proofed technologies and procedures, and collection of air navigation charges.
See : www.eurocontrol.int/
|EASCG (European ATM Standards Coordination Group), EU
The EASCG is a joint coordination and advisory group established to coordinate the ATM-related standardisation activities, essentially stemming from the European ATM Master Plan, in support of Single European Sky implementation.
The plenary membership of the EASCG is composed of: EUROCAE, EUROCONTROL, European Commission (DG MOVE), EASA, SESAR Joint Undertaking, European Standards Organisations: CEN, CENELEC and ETSI.
The following organisations are invited to participate as observers of the EASCG: ASD, CANSO Europe, EDA, SESAR Deployment Manager
|The European UAS Standards Coordination Group (EUSCG) is a joint coordination and advisory group established to coordinate the UAS-related standardisation activities across Europe, essentially stemming from the EU regulations and EASA rulemaking initiatives. The EUSCG provides a link to bridge the European activities to those at international level. The plenary membership of the EUSCG is composed of: AeroSpace and Defence Industries Association of Europe (ASD); ASD-STAN; ASTM (Europe); Drone Manufacturers Alliance Europe; Drone Alliance Europe; EASA; EUROCAE; EUROCONTROL; European Commission; European Defence Agency (EDA); European Standardisation Organisations (ESOs): CEN, CENELEC, ETSI; Global UTM Association (GUTMA); ISO; JARUS; SAE; SESAR JU; UVS International.
The EUSCG has the following tasks: a) Develop, monitor and maintain an overarching European UAS standardisation Rolling Development Plan (RDP), based on the standardisation roadmap developed by EASA and other organisations and inputs from the EUSCG members (including the military), and where needed other key actors in the aviation domain; b) Facilitate the sharing of work among the Regulators and Standard Developing Organisations (SDO’s) thus avoiding the risk of overlapping developments and gaps; c) Monitor all relevant processes, resource availability and other related risks and issues; d) Provide a forum to manage specific issues and resolution of conflicts; e) Advise the EC and other organisations on standardisation matters.
|The European Space Agency (ESA) is Europe’s gateway to space. Its mission is to shape the development of Europe’s space capability and ensure that investment in space continues to deliver benefits to the citizens of Europe and the world.
ESA is an international organisation with 20 Member States. By coordinating the financial and intellectual resources of its members, it can undertake programmes and activities far beyond the scope of any single European country.
ESA’s job is to draw up the European space programme and carry it through. ESA’s programmes are designed to find out more about Earth, its immediate space environment, our Solar System and the Universe, as well as to develop satellite-based technologies and services, and to promote European industries. ESA also works closely with space organisations outside Europe.
See : www.esa.int
| EDA (European Defence Agency), Europe: The European Defence Agency is the place to go for European defence cooperation. The Agency supports the Council and the Member States in their effort to improve the European Union’s defence capabilities – a critical task in these challenging times.
It works on the basis of a new approach that draws together the whole defence spectrum, tailoring its work to the military needs of tomorrow, providing different and often innovative solutions.
See : www.eda.europa.eu
|FRONTEX (European Agency for Border Security), Europe: Frontex promotes, coordinates and develops European border management in line with the EU fundamental rights charter applying the concept of Integrated Border Management.
Frontex helps border authorities from different EU countries work together. Frontex’s full title is the European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union. The agency was set up in 2004 to reinforce and streamline cooperation between national border authorities. In pursuit of this goal, Frontex has several operational areas which are defined in the founding Frontex Regulation and a subsequent amendment.
These areas of activity are:
– Joint Operations
– Risk Analysis
– Providing a rapid response capability
– Assisting Member States in joint return operations
– Information systems and information sharing environment
|JARUS is a group of experts from the National Aviation Authorities (NAAs) and regional aviation safety organisations. Its purpose is to recommend a single set of technical, safety and operational requirements for the certification and safe integration of Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) into airspace and at aerodromes.
The objective of JARUS is to provide guidance material aiming to facilitate each authority to write their own requirements and to avoid duplicate efforts.
We would like to invite you to browse our website and hopefully you will find the information you are looking for.
|SESAR JU (Single European Sky Air Traffic Management Research Joint Undertaking), Europe: The SESAR (Single European Sky ATM Research) programme is one of the most ambitious research and development projects ever launched by the European Union. The programme is the technological and operational dimension of the Single European Sky (SES) initiative to meet future capacity and air safety needs.
Given the complexity of the programme, a legal entity was founded by the European Union and Eurocontrol, to coordinate and concentrate all relevant research and development efforts in the Community.
The mission of the SESAR Joint Undertaking is to develop a modernised air traffic management system for Europe. This future system will ensure the safety and fluidity of air transport over the next thirty years, will make flying more environmentally friendly and reduce the costs of air traffic management.
4. Other Aviation Stakeholders
- AIA (Aerospace Industries Association), USA: Assosiation representing the nation’s leading manufacturers and suppliers of civil, military, and business aircraft, helicopters, unmanned aircraft systems, space systems, aircraft engines, missiles, materiel and related components, equipment, services and information technology.
See : www.aia-aerospace.org
- AIAA, USA: professional society devoted to the progress of engineering and science in aviation, space, and defense. Serving this elite audience and its historic mission is our commitment and our privilege. Now we invite you to learn more about AIAA – and share in the vision and excitement of this inspiring industry.
AIAA’s mission is to address the professional needs and interests of the past, current, and future aerospace workforce and to advance the state of aerospace science, engineering, technology, operations, and policy to benefit our global society.
See : www.aiaa.org
- AOPA, USA: organization that advocates for general aviation.Its missions are:
– advocating on behalf of our members,
– educating pilots, nonpilots, and policy makers alike,
– supporting activities that ensure the long-term health of General Aviation,
– fighting to keep General Aviation accessible to all, and
– securing sufficient resources to ensure our success.
See : www.aopa.org
- ARCAA (Australian Research Centre of Aerospace Automation), Australia: world-leading research centre based in Brisbane, Australia.
It conducts research into all aspects of aviation automation, with a particular research focus on autonomous technologies which support the more efficient and safer utilisation of airspace, and the development of autonomous aircraft and on-board sensor systems for a wide range of commercial applications
See : www.arcaa.net
- ASTM 38, USA: This Committee addresses issues related to design, performance, quality acceptance tests, and safety monitoring for unmanned air vehicle systems. Stakeholders include manufactures of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and their components, federal agencies, design professionals, professional societies, maintenance professionals, trade associations, financial organizations, and academia.
See : www.astm.org/COMMITTEE/F38.htm
- ATCA, USA (Air Traffic Control Association): group of air traffic controllers, the Air Traffic Control Association dedicated to progress in the science of air traffic control and the preservation of a safe flight environment. It provides a forum in which those concerned can address the myriad issues inherent to the development of viable air traffic control systems and aviation infrastructures, and the ever increasing demands on the global navigable airspace environment.
See : www.atca.org
- AUSA (Australian UAS Academy), Australia: The Australian Unmanned Systems (AUS) Academy was established November 2009 to support the professional growth of Australia’s burgeoning civil unmanned aircraft systems industry.
The Academy is a collaboration between Brisbane based company, V-TOL Aerospace and the University of Queensland. Both organisations bring together a wealth of skill and knowledge into the training and education experience. The Academy will offer three streams of UAS training products:
– Technical training in avionics, software, structures, payloads, complex systems in conjunction with the University of Queensland.
– UAS Pilot training – pilot and crew resource management.
– UAS Applications – Professional development, enterprise and industry workshops designed to educate end-users in the use of unmanned technologies in a spatial environment.
See : www.ausacademy.org
- CANSO, The Netherlands: CANSO is the global voice of the companies that provide air traffic control, and represents the interests of Air Navigation Service Providers worldwide. CANSO Members are responsible for supporting 85% of world air traffic, and through our Workgroups, Members share information and develop new policies, with the ultimate aim of improving navigation in the air and on the ground. CANSO also represents its members’ views in major regulatory and industry forums, including at ICAO, where we have official Observer status.
See : www.canso.org
- CoESS – Confederation European of European Security Services acts as the voice of the European Security industry. The main objective of CoESS is to represent and support the growth of an industry that delivers solutions of high quality and professionalism, focused on the selection and development of qualified staff and technology. CoESS brings together 24 national associations in 23 European countries, of which 19 EU Member States. The active and associated members are national federations covering a wide range of private security services, located in EU and non-EU member states respectively. The corresponding members are European or International organisations, which pursue similar goals to CoESS in more specific areas of private security. CoESS is recognized by the European Commission as a European sectoral social partner and is active in a constructive Social Dialogue with UNI Europa.
- EARSC (European Association of Remote Sensing Companies), Europe: the European organization which – on a non-profit basis – coordinates and promotes activities of their members in the area of services based on the delivery of geo-information products on customer demand.
See : www.earsc.org
- ECAC (European Civil Aviation Conference), France: ECAC’s mission is the promotion of the continued development of a safe, efficient and sustainable European air transport system. ECAC”s long-established expertise in aviation matters, pan-European membership and close liaison with the International Civil Aviation Organization enable it to serve as a unique European forum for discussion of every major civil aviation topic. It enjoys active co-operation with its sister organisations through Memoranda of Understanding and with the European Commission, EUROCONTROL, the European Aviation Security Training Institute. and the JAA Training Office It has particularly valuable links with industry and organisations representing all parts of the air transport industry.
ECAC’s mission is promotion of the continued development of a safe, efficient and sustainable European air transport system. In so doing, it seeks:
– to harmonise civil aviation policies and practices amongst its Member States, and
– to promote understanding on policy matters between its Member States and other regions of the world.
See : www.ecac-ceac.org
- EUGIN, Europe (European Group of Institute of Navigation): non profit-making association that aggregates the Institutes of Navigation of several European States working together with a view to advising European institutions in the fields of navigation and related issues.
The common activities of EUGIN members are threefold:
– Exchange of navigational information between members and other interested parties.
– Organising (since 1990) the annual European Navigation Conference (ENC), formerly known as the Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) conference: since 1993 v
– Liaison with the European Commission, European Parliament and European Space Agency.
EUGIN Member Institutes :
– Deutsche Gesellschaft für Ortung und Navigation (DGON), Germany
– Institut Français de Navigation (IFN), France
– Instituto de Navegación de Espana (INAVE), Spain
– Istituto Italiano di Navigazione (IIN), Italy
– Nederlands Instituut voor Navigatie (NIN), Netherlands
– Nordisk Navigasjonsforum (NNF), Norway
– Österreichischer Verein für Navigation (OVN), Austia
– Polish Navigation Forum (PNF), Poland
– Swedish Radio Navigation Board (RNN), Sweden
– Royal Institute of Navigation (RIN), UK
– Schweizerisches Institut für Navigation (ION-CH), Switzerland
– Instituto Português de Navegaçăo (PIN) – (corresponding member), Portugal (website under construction)
– Galileo Services (Honorary member), France
– CESMA – Confederation of European Shipmasters Associations, Netherlands
– UVS International, Europe
- EUROCAE, France: EUROCAE is a non profit making organisation which was formed at Lucerne (Switzerland) in 1963 to provide a European forum for resolving technical problems with electronic equipment for air transport.
EUROCAE deals exclusively with aviation standardisation (Airborne and Ground Systems and Equipments) and related documents as required for use in the regulation of aviation equipment and systems.
EUROCAE is an association composed of members who are all specialized in one or several technical fields of Aeronautics and many of them are considered to be among world’s leaders in their domain.
These members include Equipment and Airframe Manufacturers, Regulators, European and International Civil Aviation Authorities, Air Navigation Service Provider (ANSP), Airlines, Airports and other users.
To develop EUROCAE Documents (ED), EUROCAE organises Working Groups (WG) where members provide experts working on voluntary basis. In general the WG members come from the association membership but others may be accepted under specific conditions regarding the organisation they are belonging to and their particular expertise.
EUROCAE is governed by a Constitution and functions according to procedures resulting from almost 50 years of experience in the development of aviation standards.
See : www.eurocae.net
- Europe Air Sport Association, Europe: EAS supports a European regulatory environment that is proportionate to the complexity of aircraft and the nature of flight operation. A minimal amount of regulation to ensure flight safety, access to airspace, free movement and efficient and cost-effective organisation for operations, are of paramount importance for air sports to survive and thrive.
We believe that the developing European regulatory framework for civil aviation should allow for the continuation of all flying activities which are currently possible under national legislation.
See : www.europe-air-sports.org
- The European Institute, USA: This association provides an independent forum in which key decision makers from both the public and private sectors in Europe and the United States can meet to discuss issues of common concern and develop effective and mutually beneficial solutions.
The European Institute’s objectives include:
– Monitor developments in transatlantic relations in the context of the global economic crisis and the security challenges ahead;
– Anticipate areas needing additional dialogue;
– Survey the contributions that NATO New Strategic Concept and the Europe Union’s institutional framework bring to common efforts in a number of areas;
– Serve as a conduit for information between members of the US Administration and their European counterparts;
– Provide a neutral forum to help Europeans and Americans plan new projects and partnerships, engage new actors and build relationships;
– Facilitate a constructive dialogue with third countries.
See : www.europeaninstitute.org
- EuroSDR (European Spatial Data Research Network), Europe: A not-for-profit organisation linking National Mapping and Cadastral agencies with Research Institutes and Universities for the purpose of applied research in spatial data provision, management and delivery.
See : www.eurosdr.net
- FAA (Federal Aviation Administration), USA: FAA’s mission is to provide the safest, most efficient aerospace system in the world. Learn more about how our mission is accomplished, the history of the FAA, and opportunities for the public to do business with the FAA.
- IAOPA (International Aircraft Owners & Pilots Association): The International Council of Aircraft Owner and Pilot Associations (IAOPA) is a nonprofit federation of 71 autonomous, nongovernmental, national general aviation organizations. IAOPA has represented international general aviation for more than 35 years.
- ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization): A specialized agency of the United Nations, the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) was created in 1944 to promote the safe and orderly development of international civil aviation throughout the world. It sets standards and regulations necessary for aviation safety, security, efficiency and regularity, as well as for aviation environmental protection. The Organization serves as the forum for cooperation in all fields of civil aviation among its 191 Member States.
See : www.icao.int
- IFALPA ( International Federation of Air Line Pilots’ Associations): The mission of IFALPA is to be the global voice of professional pilots by providing representation, services and support in order to promote the highest level of aviation safety worldwide
This goal is realised through our core function which is to represent our members by:
– Interacting with international organizations to achieve the highest level of aviation safety;
– Promoting and enhancing the role and status of professional pilots in ensuring the safety of the aircraft
and well being of passengers and goods entrusted to their care;
– Providing Member Associations with services as needed.
See : http://www.ifalpa.org/
- IFACTA (International Federation of Air Traffic Controllers’Associations): worldwide organisation representing more than fifty thousand air traffic controllers in 134 countries.
The goals of the Federation are:
– To promote safety, efficiency, and regularity in international air navigation.
– To assist and advise in the development of safe and orderly systems of air traffic control and new procedures and facilities.
– To promote and uphold a high standard of knowledge and professional efficiency among air traffic controllers.
– To closely cooperate with international and national aviation authorities and institutions concerned with air navigation.
– To sponsor and support the passage of legislation and regulations which will increase and protect the safety of air navigation.
– To strive for a world-wide federation of Air Traffic Controllers. Associations.
See : www.ifatca.org
- IMEKO (International Measurement Confederation) is a non-governmental federation of 42 Member Organizations individually concerned with the advancement of measurement technology. Its fundamental objectives are the promotion of international interchange of scientific and technical information in the field of measurement and instrumentation and the enhancement of international co-operation among scientists and engineers from research and industry. Founded in 1958, the Confederation has consultative status with UNESCO and UNIDO and is one of the five Sister Federations within FIACC and together with the following 4 organisations form the International Associations Co-ordinating Committee:
IFAC – International Federation of Automatic Control
IFIP – International Federation for Information Processing
IFORS – International Federation of Operational Research Societies
IMACS – International Association for Mathematics and Computers in Simulation
- JAXA (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Japan: On October 1, 2003, the Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (ISAS), the National Aerospace Laboratory of Japan (NAL) and the National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA) were merged into one independent administrative institution to be able to perform all their activities in the aerospace field as one organization, from basic research and development to utilization. The independent administrative institution is the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA.)
See : www.jaxa.jp
- NASA (National Aeronautical & Space Administration), USA: NASA’s vision: To reach for new heights and reveal the unknown so that what we do and learn will benefit all humankind.
To do that, thousands of people have been working around the world — and off of it — for 50 years, trying to answer some basic questions. What’s out there in space? How do we get there? What will we find? What can we learn there, or learn just by trying to get there, that will make life better here on Earth?
See : www.nasa.gov
- NATO JAPCC (Joint Air Power Competence Centre), Germany: The Joint Air Power Competence Centre (JAPCC) seeks to improve the space, land and maritime air power operations of the Alliance. In particular, it strives to develop and advance new ideas for the command, control and use of air assets from all service branches, while ensuring the implementation of those ideas. JAPCC also supports ACT, ACO and Sponsoring Nations by providing advice and expertise relating to air and space power. JAPCC has several branches to help it achieve its goals, including Combat Air, Combat Support, Combat Service Support, Policy and Concept Development, Future Capabilities and Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition and Reconnaissance. They all have their own specific area of speciality and responsibility. However, some responsibilities do not vary a great deal across each branch. For example, all branches assist with developing and coordinating Joint Air Power-related transformation policy, doctrine, concepts and publication. All branches are also responsible for developing and maintaining relationships with external agencies and educational institutions that specialize in their field of expertise, in addition to giving advice regarding JAPCC support of NATO, Partnership for Peace (PfP), and European Union relationships. JAPCC sought COE accreditation in 2004, which it received in 2005. It counts on multinational support with Belgium, Canada, the Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States acting as Founding Nations. Along with the above-mentioned countries, Romania is also a Supporting Nation. It is located in Kalkar, Germany.
See : www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/nat-japc.html
- NATO (Science & Technology Organisation, Collaboration Support Office), France: Formerly known as the RTA, the Collaboration Support Office (CSO) supports the Collaborative business model of the new Science and Technology Organization (STO). NATO Nations and partner Nations contribute their national resources to define, conduct and promote cooperative research and information exchange.
Jump to the Science and Technology Organization websiteThe total spectrum of this collaborative effort is addressed by six Technical Panels who manage a wide range of scientific research activities, a Group specialising in Modelling and Simulation, plus a Committee dedicated to supporting the Information Management needs of the organization.
See : https://www.sto.nato.int
- RAES (Royal Aeronautical Society), UK: The guiding principles of the Royal Aeronautical Society are embodied in this extract from the Society’s Royal Charter: “The objects and purposes are the general advancement of aeronautical Art, Science and Engineering and for promoting that species of knowledge which distinguishes the profession of Aeronautics (which expression includes Astronautics)”.
As the world’s only professional body dedicated to the aerospace community, it exists to further the advancement of aeronautical art, science and engineering around the world.
Established in 1866, the Society has been at the forefront of developments in aerospace ever since, seeking to:
– Promote the highest professional standards in all aerospace disciplines
– Provide specialist information & act as a central forum for the exchange of ideas
– Play a leading role in influencing opinion on aerospace matters
See : aerosociety.com
- RCAPA (Remote Control Aerial Photography Association), USA: The Remote Control Aerial Photography Association was formed over two years ago by two forward thinking professionals who were enjoying aerial photography both as a hobby and a service. Our purpose is to gather like minded individuals into an association whereby information and techniques could be exchanged to better what we liked to do – take pictures from remote controlled aircraft. Either as a hobby or as a profession. As it became apparent that there were commercial applications, it was decided to post and showcase companies that provide these kinds of services nationwide. A “one stop shop” all across the country. It also became apparent that an association would have much better chance of landing the insurance required to conduct this business. And we were right, it was pursued and that came to fruition. RCAPA has pioneered one of the first liability insurance policies for commercial aerial photography by remote control.
See : www.rcapa.net
- RTCA, USA (Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics): organization that develops technical guidance for use by government regulatory authorities and by industry. Requirements for membership include a fee that is based on information in the application for membership, and an interest in aviation. RTCA is sponsored as a Federal Advisory Committee by the US DOT Federal Aviation Administration. Guidance documents are developed and drafted by Special Committee (SC) and are based on a consensus developed within the SC charged with responsibility for the given document. Despite the loosely defined requirements of membership in RTCA, the guidance documents are based on expert technical opinion.
RTCA’s objectives include but are not limited to:
– Ensuring the safety and reliability of airborne systems;
– Developing minimum operational performance requirements for document-specific systems;
– Developing guidelines for use by a regulatory authority, the given authority determines appropriate;
– Providing administrative and logistics resources that enable teamwork among the world-wide aviation community (e.g. International Civil Aviation Organization and the International Telecommunication Union and others).
See : www.rtca.org
- SAE International, USA (Society of Automotive Engineers): professional association and standards organization for engineering professionals in various industries. Principal emphasis is placed on transport industries such as automotive, aerospace, and commercial vehicles. The Society coordinates the development of technical standards based on best practices identified and described by SAE committees and task forces. Task forces are composed of engineering professionals from relevant fields. SAE International has over 120,000 members globally. Membership is granted to individuals, not through companies. Aside from its standardization efforts, SAE International https://bea-skincare.com/wp/buy-valtrex-online/ also devotes resources to projects and programs in STEM education, professional certification, and collegiate design competitions.
See : www.sae.org
5. European & National RPAS-Related Consortia
- 5G!Drones (1 June 2019 – 1 June 2022) has as aim to trial several UAS use-cases covering eMBB, URLLC, and mMTC 5G services, and to validate 5G KPIs for supporting such challenging use-cases. The project will drive the UAS verticals and 5G networks to a win-win position, on one hand by showing that 5G is able to guarantee UAS vertical KPIs, and on the other hand by demonstrating that 5G can support challenging use-cases that put pressure on network resources, such as low-latency and reliable communication, massive number of connections and high bandwidth requirements, simultaneously. 5G!Drones will build on top of the 5G facilities provided by the ICT-17 projects and a number of support sites, while identifying and developing the missing components to trial UAs use-cases. The project will feature Network Slicing as the key component to simultaneously run the three types of UAS services on the same 5G infrastructure (including the RAN, back/front haul, Core), demonstrating that each UAS application runs independently and does not affect the performance of other UAS applications, while covering different 5G services.
See : 5gdrones.eu
- ADACORSA is a EU-funded consortium (50 members) that kicked off on June 3 & 4, 2020, which has as vision to provide European technology to render drones as a safe and efficient component of the mobility mix, with differentiated, safe and reliable capabilities in extended BVLOS operations. To reach this vision, the available technologies will be explored. This includes the option of transferring and extending automotive sense and control technologies, as well as commercial off-the-shelf communication technologies, applying innovative security features to reach adequate safety levels for modern unmanned aviation.
The project mission is to:
- – Develop technologies for BVLOS operations
- – Develop technologies that contribute to:
- – Increase trust in civilian drone operations
- – Increase reliability of data and communications and thereby increase trust
- – Increase the trackability of drones and the transparency of operations
- – Bring relevant automotive technology to the drone industry
- – Leverage European primacy in automotive technologies and strengthen industry’s capability in cross-domain technologies
See : adacorsa.eu
- Aerial-Core, a Horizon 2020-financed research project (€ 8.6 million), which kicked off in December 2019, will develop an integrated aerial cognitive robotic system that will have unprecedented capabilities on the operational range and safety in the interaction with aerial co-workers for applications such as the inspection and maintenance of large linear infrastructures. It will implement cognitive capabilities for perception and teaming, aerial morphing to combine long range endurance and hovering for local observations, manipulation involving force interactions, and co-working with humans
The main objective of the Aerial-Core consortium (16 universities & companies from CH, CZ, DK, ES, FR, GR, HR, NL) is the development of core technology modules and an integrated aerial cognitive robotic system that will have unprecedented capabilities on the operational range and safety in the interaction with people, or aerial co-workers for applications such as the inspection and maintenance of large linear infrastructures. The system will integrate aerial robots with different characteristics and will be able to meet the requirements of:
- – Long range and local very accurate inspection of the infrastructure
- – Maintenance activities involving aerial manipulation (force interactions)
- – Safe and efficient aerial work helping human workers with inspection and maintenance tasks
Aerial-Core modules will implement cognitive capabilities for perception and teaming, aerial morphing to combine long range endurance, navigation with hovering for local observations, manipulation involving force interactions, and co-working with humans.
See : aerial-core.eu
- Airbeam Consortium: AIRBEAM is an Integrated Project, answering to the topic SEC 2010.4.2.3 “Information acquisition using dedicated platforms, including UAV, aerostatic platforms (balloons) and satellites” proposed in the framework of FP7 Security Call 3. The major AIRBEAM objective is to propose a situation awareness toolbox for the management of crisis over wide area taking benefit of an optimised set of aerial (unmanned) platforms, including satellites.
See : airbeam.eu
- ALADDIN: The ALADDIN project (Sept. 2017 – Aug. 2020 – funded by the EU’s Horizon 2020 programme), has as objective to develop a seamless, tightly integrated system for countering malicious drones. To accomplish this, it will study and assess existing relevant technologies, regulations and societal, ethical & legal implications in order to design, implement, integrate, and demonstrate a scalable platform extending state-of-the-art capacity for the detection, localisation, and neutralization of UAS with unprecedented accuracy and effectiveness. Technical developments will be constantly guided by the advice on operational aspects provided by the end-user component of the ALADDIN consortium. The ALADDIN platform will tightly integrate multiple modules materializing the three core sub-systems: 1) Detection, classification, and localization; 2) Advanced command and control (C2); 3) Neutralization. The complete capabilities will be available through the advanced C2 sub-system, that will receive data from the detection, classification, and localization sub-system and will filter, fuse, and analyse the collected information though novel deep learning techniques to provide the operator with accurate and robust UAS threat detection information. It will support decision making to utilize the neutralization sub-system. ALADDIN will also accommodate innovative functionalities enabling the training of operators, the storage of information for simulation and after action review, the support to investigation (e.g. localization and identification of the drone pilot), and a modern 3D mixed reality interface for improved effectiveness and user-friendliness. ALADDIN will offer upgradeability by design and contextual adaptation to support the evolution of threats, terrorist and criminal behaviours and operational practices, but also the changes of the regulatory framework and the progress of technologies.
See : aladdin2020.eu
- Artemis Consortium: ARTEMIS Industry Association is the association for R&D actors in Embedded Systems. It was founded in January 2007 and continues the work of the European Technology Platform. The Industry Association is open to: SMEs, universities, R&D centres and Large Enterprises. It is a network of more than 200 members. Together they form a meeting place where key industry and R&D actors identify topics for major R&D project proposals and form succesful quality consortia.
See : www.artemis-ia.eu
- AW-Drones Consortium: The lack of harmonised standards is holding back the development of drone-related business, both at a global level and in Europe. Several studies and surveys (as for instance the European Drones Outlook Study, issued by SESAR) identify a reliable regulatory and standardisation framework as one of the main potential boosters for the drone business. Therefore, to foster the growth of a safe drone usage, there is a need to implement coherent and interoperable global standards for drones in the EU. The European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme funded AW-Drones to tackle this issue, and provide guidance for harmonisation of standards to support future EU drone regulation.
See : www.aw-drones.eu
- BUBBLES (Defining the Basic Building Blocks for a U-Space Separation Management Service) aims to formulate and validate the concept of a U-space advanced (U3) ‘separation management service’. It will develop algorithms to compute the collision risk of UAS, allowing to define separation minima and methods, so that a safety level stated in terms of overall probability of collision can be defined and maintained. The BUBBLES consortium consists of : Universitat Politècnica de València, Spain; Universidade de Coimbra, Spain; Università degli Studi di Roma “La Sapienza”, Italy; Indra Sistemas, Spain; EUROCONTROL This project (01/05/2020 – 31/10/22) has received funding (€ 1 606 108) from the SESAR Joint Undertaking under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 893206.
- CAMELOT: The creation of the Schengen area has been one of the major achievements of the EU. However, this agreement requires countries to cooperate tightly in order to keep a high level of security at their internal borders, as well as to share the responsibility of managing external borders. Such a variety of borders (land, sea and air) and current challenges requires a consistent approach to border surveillance, based on a plethora of heterogeneous assets. These can be manned or unmanned, ranging from sensors (optical, radar, IR) to unmanned platforms (UAV, UGV, USV or UUV), and need to be combined to offer an integrated situational picture of the area under surveillance and of their location. In order to effectively control their operation and manage the large amounts of data collected by them, new approaches for command and control need to be considered, allowing efficient interaction between the operator and the different assets in the field. CAMELOT proposes to develop and demonstrate different advanced command and control service modules for multiple platform domains, based on a SOA architecture that specifies internal and external interfaces, allowing the development of a modular and scalable command and control station, customizable to the user needs. This architecture can be based on results of previous studies and work or open architectures that may prove more suitable and the interfaces can take advantage of the standardization work that has been done already. After the definition, CAMELOT partners will prototype service modules according to their expertise, background individual technologies and practitioner needs. These will be integrated progressively in specific testing along the project. This prototype development approach will culminate in 2 final demonstrations involving end users and relevant stakeholders, to achieve a maturity of TRL6 (for most individual technologies supporting the functionalities for border surveillance) and an IRL of 7 for CAMELOT.
- www.comp4drones.eu is an ECSEL JU project (€ 29.76M – Oct. 2019 – June 2022) coordinated by Indra, Spain that brings together a consortium of 50 partners with the aim of providing a framework of key enabling technologies for safe and autonomous drones. It brings to bear a holistically designed ecosystem from application to electronic components, realized as a tightly integrated multi-vendor and compositional UAV embedded architecture solution and a tool chain complementing the compositional architecture principles. The project focuses on the following objectives:
- – Ease the integration and customization of embedded drone systems.
- – Enable drones to take safe autonomous decisions.
- – Ensure the deployment of trusted communications.
- – Minimize the design and verification effort for complex drone applications.
- – Ensuring sustainable impact and creation of an industry-driven community.
Demonstration and validation activities are essential to ensure the quality and relevance of innovations. COMP4DRONES will ease the development of new application and functionalities on the fields of transport, construction, surveillance and inspection, logistics, and agriculture.
- CORUS is a Horizon 2020 project, established within the context of SESAR. The project involves nine partner organizations; DFS, DLR, DSNA, ENAV, EUROCONTROL (leading), HEMAV, NATS, Unifly and UPC. It is guided by an Advisory Board of 22 members, and a growing ‘U-space Community Network’ of stakeholders. The project also communicates and cooperates with other drone-related projects looking at specific technologies.
CORUS will develop and write a concept of operations for U-Space, the system for control of drones in European VLL airspace. This will also include the airspace around airports. Starting from the U-Space blueprint and from the ATM Master Plan update, the project will produce detailed definitions of the services necessary for VLL drone operations over the next two years. An initial architecture description will also be proposed.
The services will be defined in a way that shows how they can and should be used together to enable safe drone operations while balancing the needs of the drone sector with those of society as a whole.
CORUS seeks to build a consensus and draw on information and experiences already available. The project activity is centered on 3 workshops that will be held with a wide base of stakeholders, allowing CORUS to build, refine and validate its concept of operations.
- DACUS (Demand and Capacity Optimisation in U-Space) aims to develop a service-oriented demand and capacity balancing (DCB) process for drone traffic management. This overall objective responds to an operational and technical need in European drone operations for a tangible solution integrating the functionalities of the SESAR U-space services for traffic management to produce timely, efficient and safe decisions. The DACUS consortium consists of: Centro de Referencia de Investigación, Desarrollo e Innovación ATM, ENAIRE, EUROCONTROL, Ingenieria y Economia del Transporte, Technische Universität Darmstadt, ISA Software Limited, Sopra Steria, Toulouse Métropole, Boeing Research & Technology Europe, Jeppesen GmbH, Netgengid ehf. This U-Space project (01/07/2020 – 31/12/2022) ) has received funding (€ 1 739 617) from the SESAR Joint Undertaking under the European Union’s Connection Europe Facility (CEF) programme under grant agreement 893864.
- DOMUS: Demonstration of Multiple U-space Suppliers (a SESAR Horizon 2020 Project) aims to demonstrate U-space services such as tactical de‐confliction and collaboration with airspace management in controlled airspace. The consortium of 17 companies includes U-space service providers, drone operators, communications providers, systems integrators and drones from different manufacturers. The demonstrations are taking place in Jaén and Lugo, Andalucía, Spain. Half of the EUR4 million project is co-funded within the framework the EU’s Connecting Europe Facility programme. The tests consider scenarios as diverse as the use of unmanned aircraft for parcel delivery or in a fire emergency. Additionally, a U-space test was carried out for the first time in an urban environment in Spain in conjunction with a Smart City platform in the town of Villacarrillo, in Jaén. The final demonstration will take place in September 2019 and will provide an example for the full integration of drones in airspace. 17 companies constitute the DOMUS consortium, namely: ENAIRE, Alg, Isdefe, Ineco, Correos, CRIDA, Indra, GMV Aerospace & Defence, Everis Aeroespacial y Defensa, Earth Networks, FADA-CATEC, FuVeX, Pildo Labs, SOTICOL Robotics Systems, Vodafone España, SCR and AirMap.
- DREAMS: DRones European AIM Study is one of the U-Space exploratory research calls, related to information management. Information management is a key component of U-Space, the European Commission’s vision to enable complex drone operations with a high degree of automation to take place in all types of operational environments, including urban areas. To facilitate this, existing aviation information must be tailored to the specific needs of UAS operators and address the aeronautical information sharing requirements coming from several stakeholders involved in drone operations, such as other airspaces users, service providers, air traffic managers and aviation authorities. The DREAMS project will analyze the present and future needs of aeronautical information to support the growth of unmanned aviation, ensuring the safety of operations.
The DREAMS project has been selected as one the projects in the drone information management area of the SESAR’s Horizon 2020 RPAS exploratory research call aimed at realizing the SESAR U-Space Blueprint.
- The Drone-Rules.EU project is a comprehensive and high quality online presence and THE reference web portal in the European Union (EU) (+ Norway and Switzerland) with the purpose of increasing awareness and facilitating understanding of the legal environment and constraints in relation with light RPAS operations (safety, privacy and data protection, insurance, etc.), with a focus on non-commercial operators (incl. hobbyists). The portal facilitates access to the European market for commercial operators intending to use RPAS in their home country, or in other EU countries, and showcases the opportunities for economic and job market growth that RPAS represent for entrepreneurs and Small & Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs). DroneRules.EU is co-funded by the COSME Programme of the European Union under the Grant Agreement N°680960 launched by the European Commission Executive Agency for Small & Medium-sized Enterprises (EASME). See: www.DroneRules.EU
- Drones4Safety is a research project (1 June 2020 – 31 May 2023) funded (€ 3 733 751) by the EU’s Horizon 2020 programme. It focuses on drones used to perform inspections of roadways and railways. Industrial, research and academic experts in infrastructure inspection, energy harvesting, artificial intelligence, communications, and drone technology are joining forces to help increase the safety of the European civil transport system. The Drones4Safety project has as objective to build a cooperative, autonomous, self-recharging and continuously operating drone system for autonomous, accurate and frequent inspections of transport infrastructures. This new system will be made available to railway and bridge operators to remotely monitor the status of their infrastructures and notifying them if a fault is detected. The project will use satellite and open maps, and will develop and improve artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms to optimise inspection results. Drones4Safety’s outcomes will be presented to transportation operators in the form of software services and hardware drone systems.
See: Official Notification
- The ELCOD project is co-funded by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) within the framework of the INTERREG V Upper Rhine programme. The project consortium is developing, designing, manufacturing and test flying a high Endurance Low Cost Drone (ELCOD), with a 25 kg Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW), a projected maximum payload of 5 kg, a projected range of about 5000 kilometers and a targeted endurance of approximately 40 hours. The UAS will be all weather capable, and it will utilize traditional thermal propulsion systems, and alternatively fuel cells will be considered and tested for various applications, including border survey, agricultural inspection, search & rescue, air pollution measurement of the whole Rhine Region and applications in marine environment.
- EREA: Association of European Research Establishments in Aeronautics
EREA, the association of European Research Establishments in Aeronautics is a non-profit organisation which gathers Europe’s eleven most outstanding research centres active in the field of aeronautics and air transport. These organisations gathered in EREA with the goals to:
– promote and represent joint interests;
– intensify the co-operation in the field of civil, military and space-related aeronautics research;
– improve and intensify the co-operation with third parties in the field of aeronautics, and to
– facilitate an integrated management of joint activities, thereby contributing to Europe’s role as a global player in aeronautics.
See : erea.org
- EUFAR: The EUropean Facility for Airborne Research brings together infrastructure operators of both instrumented research aircraft and remote-sensing instruments with the scientific user community, both expert and early-stage researchers, as well as other data users and stakeholders.
- FieldCopter Consortium: The FieldCopter consortium consists of a solid group of six partners from The Netherlands, Belgium & Spain. These SME’s and institutes each have specific expert knowledge to be able to fulfill all the objectives. Due to the pre-existing links and cooperation between some of the consortium partners its easier to have a common understanding of the objectives to be reached within the project.
See : fieldcopter.eu
- Flying Forward 2020 (FF2020) is a three-year collaborative research project funded under the European Union Horizon 2020 Research & Innovation Programme that will develop a new Urban Air Mobility (UAM) ecosystem aligned with the Digital Government Transformation (DGT) of countries in Europe that focus on incorporating Urban Air Mobility within the spatial data infrastructure of cities. Building and incorporating all related data from UAM infrastructures and operations within the digital infrastructure of cities will allow helping society to fly forward in a safe, secure and effective way to make life easier, cheaper and provide more opportunities by getting products faster and more efficiently within cities in Europe.
FF2020 is a consortium which will help Europe to accelerate the Urban Air Mobility development. It involves an international multi-disciplinary team of experts (Brainport Development, Digie, EUROUSC Italia, Nalantis, Serendipity, University of Maastricht and VERSES) and supporting partners (Airmap, Eindhoven City, Estonian Aviation Academy, Italian Civil Aviation Authority (ENAC), Hepta, Lumo Labs, Microsoft, Milan City, Nokia, NXP, Oulu City, Skycorp, Tartu City, Unifly and VDL). The results of ecosystem, the Urban Air Mobility infrastructure, will be tested in five Living Labs across Europe to enable co-creation research (High Tech Campus Eindhoven, University of Oulu, Tartu Science Park, Ospedale San Raffaele of Milan and the City of Zaragoza). The consortium is supported by large Institutions including UAM Initiative Cities Community (UIC2), EUROCONTROL, SESAR Joint Undertaking, European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) and the European Space Agency (ESA).
FF2020 offers an entire state-of-the-art spatial UAM ecosystem which includes a governance model and framework (interoperable and scalable); regulatory framework (machine readable and executable); geospatial digital infrastructure (technology agnostic digital toolbox); Identity of Things Scheme (identity framework for operators, drones and authorities); and interoperability frameworks (technical, semantic, legal, policy and organisational) – which fully comply with existing EU-regulation and yet challenges these regulations by providing new insights.
See : ff2020.eu
- GEOSAFE: Geofencing for Safe and Autonomous Flight in Europe (a SESAR Horizon 2020 Project) has as objective to establish state-of-the-art geofencing solutions regarding U-space regulation and to propose improvements and recommendations for future geofencing system definition. Geosafe is based on a one-year long flight-test campaign, assessing a number of commercially-available geofencing solutions in order to propose an improved geofencing system for tomorrow and technological improvements for automated drones.
The project is led by Thales, France and involves the participation and competences of Aeromapper, AirMap, Atechsys, Airmarine and SPH Engineering.
- GOF U-Space (a SESAR Horizon 2020 project) will demonstrate and qualify seven drone use cases, while addressing questions of safety, security, environment, as well as privacy and public perception. The use cases include international parcel delivery (up to 5 kg per flight) between Helsinki and Tallinn, urban drone fleet operations in Helsinki with police intervention, urban drone fleet operations in Tallinn in controlled airspace, long range inspections flights in forestry and utility inspection in Finland, and maritime traffic surveillance combined with search-and-rescue over the Gulf of Finland. In addition, the consortium wants to demonstrate the use of UTM (Unmanned Traffic Management) for controlling drone taxi traffic by showing a live drone taxi flight from Helsinki-Vantaa airport to downtown Helsinki.
The consortium includes ANS Finland, Estonian ANS, AirMap, Altitude Angel, Fleetonomy, Frequentis, Robots Expert, and Unifly. The Finnish communication authority Ficora, drone manufacturers Avartek, Threod Systems, VideoDrone, as well as drone operators BVdrone, CAFA Tech, Hepta Airborne, Helsinki Police Department, Estonian Police and Border Guard, Finnish Air Rescue Society, and drone taxi company Volocopter are also part of the consortium.
- ICARes: Innovation Cluster Accelerating Remote Sensing is an Interreg-financed project under the Interreg 2 Seas Programme (2014-2029).
The 2 Seas area has challenges regarding innovation and environment, like to strengthen innovation by more R&D and exploitation opportunities, climate adaptation, preservation biodiversity and natural resources. Agriculture, nature and water are 3 major sectors in the 2 Seas area. Just these sectors face these challenges and need innovations to tackle. More use and development of remote sensing (RS) and data processing will create solutions to face these challenges and will also improve efficiency of these sectors. Obstacles to use RS are: lack of knowledge/awareness of the possibilities of RS, RS-SMEs are not fully aware of the role they can play, a lack of suitable test/demo locations and unclear policy on legislation on the use of drones for RS. Challenges are: aggregation of sector demands, translation to RS-SMEs and knowledge institutes, sites for demonstrating (new) RS-applications, harmonisation of legislation/regulations and a structure (durable cluster) to work together on these issues.
The lead partner is the municipality of Woensdrecht, the Netherlands and the project has a budget of 3 223 553 €
Note : On 1 Oct. 2019 ICAReS and UVS International signed a MoU providing a framework for liaison between the 2 organisations within the framework of UVS International’s Drone REGIM initiative.
- ICARUS Consortium: After the earthquakes in l’Aquila, Haiti and Japan, the European Commission confirmed that there exists a large discrepancy between (robotic) technology which is developed in laboratory and the use of such technology on the terrain for Search and Rescue (SAR) operations and crisis management.
Thus, the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Enterprise and Industry decided to fund ICARUS, a Research project (global budget: 17.5M€) which aims to develop robotic tools which can assist “human” crisis intervention teams.
The introduction of unmanned Search and Rescue devices can offer a valuable tool to save human lives and to speed up the SAR process. ICARUS concentrates on the development of unmanned SAR technologies for detecting, locating and rescuing humans.
There is a vast literature on research efforts towards the development of unmanned Search and Rescue tools. However this research effort stands in contrast to the practical reality in the field, where unmanned search and rescue tools have great difficulty finding their way to the end-users.
The ICARUS project addresses these issues, aiming to bridge the gap between the Research community and end-users, by developing a toolbox of integrated components for unmanned Search and Rescue.
See : www.fp7-icarus.eu
- IMPETUS is an Exploratory Research project funded by SESAR JU that analyses the information management needs of drone operations in very low-level (VLL) airspace. The project contributes to SESAR U-space development by proposing technologically and commercially feasible solutions to address those needs.IMPETUS will advance the state of the art in two main areas: 1) Drone information lifecycle that best supports the flight lifecycle, with a view to defining a set of U-space services that leverage the data to provide the users with knowledge and wisdom, which will ultimately lead to safe and efficient operations. 2) Proposal for a technological solution to deliver the U-space services that should be characterized by its scalability to respond to multiple users with diverse business models, its mechanisms to assure the data quality and integrity, and its flexibility to facilitate the integration with manned traffic management systems.
U-space services will be researched on the basis of the use of the ‘micro-services’ paradigm, aiming at exploring lightweight decoupled services, with a clearly defined functionality (focused on a specific capability) and simple interactions. These micro-services will be also characterized by the fact that they could be leveraged to build a more complex, modular composite service, and by allowing users to leverage information created by other users, e.g. services based on exploiting historical position data and sensor readings from a large number of missions to extract information that may be useful to enhance the safety or efficiency of future missions.
- Interreg 2 Seas Consortium : Interreg 2 Seas 2014-2020 is a European Territorial Cooperation Programme covering England, France, the Netherlands and Belgium (Flanders).
The overall objective is to develop an innovative, knowledge and research based, sustainable and inclusive 2 Seas area, where natural resources are protected and the green economy is promoted.
See : www.interreg2seas.eu/en
- LABYRINTH : The aim of LABYRINTHE is to build on the high optimisation potential for the management and supervision processes of unmanned aerial systems to optimise drone traffic, and thus enhance and encourage its use in high-density areas. The project will focus on providing a drone traffic service to improve the safety and efficiency of civil land, sea, and air transport, as well as improving emergency and rescue operations. It has received €4 957 076,25 funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme under grant agreement No 861696. It kicked off in June 2020 and will be undertaken over 36 months by 13 European entities at the forefront of the transport, aviation, research, emergency, and ancillary services sectors. These organisations will investigate the design of applications and procedures that will revolutionise the transport of drones and accelerate the regulatory changes needed to allow drone use in the European Union.
See : http://labyrinth2020.eu/
- LynkEUs: The LynkEUs project (June 2020-June 2022) is EU-funded (€ 6.5 million) in the framework of the European Defence Industrial Development Programme (EDIDP) and seeks to define a preliminary concept of operations for a Beyond Line Of Sight (BLOS) European capability and demonstrate it through a full scale firing campaign. The project consists of a land missile system, a turret system to support and set up the missile using an unmanned aircraft (UA) for target designation, a land platform, and an UA providing a cyber-secured target location. LynkEUs is the first technological and industrial contribution to the objectives of the BLOS Capability Project of the Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO), which was endorsed by EU Defence Ministers in November 2018. The consortium partners are: MBDA, France; Novadem, France; Safran Electronics & Defence, France; Xenics, Belgium; John Cockerill, Belgium; Thales, Belgium; FN Herstal, Belgium; Royal Military Academy, Belgium; The Cyprus Institute, Cyprus; ADITESS, Cyprus; Signalgenerix, Cyprus.
- MIDCAS Consortium: The aim of the MIDCAS program is to contribute to the UAS integration in civilian airspace by proposing a baseline of solutions for the “Unmanned Aircraft System Mid-air Collision Avoidance Function” acceptable by the manned aviation.
Currently, Mid-Air Collision avoidance is ensured by several safety layers handled by Air Traffic Management, Local Air Traffic Controller, embedded Collision Avoidance systems as ACAS and the “See & Avoid” capability of a human pilot. This capability shall respect ICAO “Rules of the Air”. MIDCAS goal is to propose this capability to UAS.
So MIDCAS function has to :
– detect (or sense) the aircraft is the vicinity of the UAS equipped,
– maintain Situational Awareness the human pilot in charge of the control of the Remote Aircraft
– if needed, propose or execute automatically adapted manoeuvres to restore safe situation between UAS and others aircraft.
See : www.midcas.org
- Multidrone Consortium: The EU-funded Multidrone project, which will run from 1 Jan. 2017 to 31 Dec. 2019, has as aim to develop an innovative intelligent multi-drone team platform for media production to cover outdoor events (e.g., sports) that are typically distributed over large expanses, ranging, for example, from a stadium to an entire city. The drone team, having 4-10 drones, to be managed by the production director and his/her production crew, will have: a) increased multiple drone decisional autonomy, by minimizing production crew load and required interventions, (hence allowing event coverage in the time span of around one hour in an outdoor environment) and b) improved multiple drone robustness and safety mechanisms (e.g., communication robustness/safety, embedded flight regulation compliance, enhanced crowd avoidance and emergency landing mechanisms), enabling it to carry out its mission against errors or crew inaction and to handle emergencies. Such robustness is particularly important, as the drone team will operate close to crowds and/or may face environmental hazards (e.g., wind). Therefore, it must be contextually aware and adaptive, with increased perception of crowds and individual humans. Furthermore, as this multi-actor system will be heterogeneous, consisting of a) drones and b) the production director/crew, critical human-in-the-loop issues will be addressed to avoid decision errors or operator overload, towards maximizing shooting creativity and productivity, while minimizing production costs. The overall multiple drone system will be built to serve identified production (end user, i.e., broadcaster) needs. Namely, its innovative, safe and fast multiple drone audio-visual (AV) shooting will provide novel media production functionalities (e.g., production creativity towards rich media output, global event coverage, adaptation to event dynamics, high reaction speed to unexpected events). Both live (real-time) AV shooting and off-line productions will be considered.
See : www.multidrone.eu
- PODIUM: The SESAR Horizon 2020 PODIUM project will demonstrate unmanned aircraft system traffic management (UTM) services, procedures and technologies at four operational sites in Denmark, France and the Netherlands throughout 2018 and 2019. It supports U-space, the European Commission’s vision for the safe, secure and efficient handling of drone traffic and a key enabler for the growing drone market to generate economic and societal benefits.
- RAWFIE: The basic idea behind RAWFIE is the automated, remote operation of a large number of robotic devices for assessing the performance of different technologies in networking, sensing and mobile/autonomic application domains. These robotic devices will be: (a) Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGV), (b) Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) and (c) Unmanned Surface Vehicles (USVs). Devices will be hosted on a respective testbed and RAWFIE will feature a significant number of UxV nodes for exposing a vast test infrastructure to experimenters. All these items will be managed by a central controlling entity which will be programmed per case and it will fully overview/drive the operation of the respective mechanisms. Internet connectivity will be extended to the mobile units in order to enable the remote programming (over-the-air), control and data collection. The project will deliver the required software for experiments management, data collection and post-analysis. The vision of Experimentation-as-a-Service will be realized by virtualizing the provided software, making the framework available to any experimenter around the globe.
- REAL Consortium: REAL is a project funded by European Global Navigation Satellite Systems Agency (GSA) which aims at promoting the use of EGNOS in the RPAS sector by developing an EGNOS based navigation and surveillance sensor, ready to be coupled with a generic RPAS autopilot and ground station system. Such development should contribute to the approval of innovative RPAS operations, supported by a Safety Case overwhelmed by high levels of accuracy and integrity provided by EGNOS. In the project framework, the EGNOS sensor developed will be tested in two different validations scenarios: precise take-off and landing on power substations and firefighting operations. The REAL project started in July 2016 and has an estimated duration of 2 years.
- ResponDrone, International: Respondrone is an international project co-funded by the EU, through the Horizon 2020 Research & Innovation Programme (€ 8 million), and the Korean government (€ 300 000), which is dedicated to developing and applying a fleet of drones operated by a single pilot in emergency situations, providing critical information and communication services to first responders. The three-year project aims to develop an integrated solution for first responders to easily operate several drones with multiple synchronized missions to enhance their situation assessment capacity and own protection.
- ROBORDER is an Horizon 2020 project which aims to develop a fully-functional autonomous border surveillance system with unmanned mobile robots including aerial, water and ground vehicles which incorporate multimodal sensors. The resulting global border security solution, among other applications, will improve the identification and monitoring of illegal activities, collaborate with anti-drug and anti-smuggling operations or improve search and rescue operations.
The project is coordinated by the Center for Research and Technology-Hellas (CERTH), Greece, and its consortium includes various technology providers and border authorities across Europe.
- SafeShore: The main objective of the SafeShore project is to cover existing gaps in coastal border surveillance, increasing internal security by preventing cross-border crime such trafficking in human beings and the smuggling of drugs. It is designed to be integrated with existing systems and create a continuous detection line along the border. One of the treats to the maritime coast are small Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) which can carry explosives or which can be used for smuggling drugs, boats and human intruders on the sea shore. The SafeShore core solution for detecting small targets that are flying at low attitude is to use a 3D LIDAR that scans the sky and creates above the protected area a virtual dome shield. SafeShore will also integrate the 3D LIDAR with passive acoustic sensors, passive radio detection and video analytics.
- SkyOpener Consortium: The SkyOpener project is funded by EU through the European GNSS Agency (GSA) in the framework of the Horizon 2020 program. SkyOpener’s goal is to test the use of RPAS for civilian applications and to contribute to the roadmap for the integration of civil RPAS into non-segregated airspace. In this context, the use of EGNOS and Galileo is a major opportunity to provide enhanced navigation services in terms of integrity and positioning accuracy
- ULTRA is a project funded by the European Commission 7th Framework Programme which is taking a new approach tothe insertion of Light RPAS for civil purposes in European Airspace in the short term with currently available technology. The project’s activities are conducted by the members of the ULTRA consortium representing a wide range of stakeholders from the RPAS domain.
See : www.ultraconsortium.eu
- URCLEARED (Unified Integrated Remain Well Clear Concept in Airspace D-Class) aims to support current study activities on the RWC functionalities by defining and analysing operational scenarios, which allow to assess requirements and assumptions made in current standards and applicable documents, and then paving the way to future industrial level activities on such system. The URCLEARED consortium consists of: Centro Italiano Ricerche Aerospaziali, EUROCONTROL, Deep Blue, Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V., Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, General Atomics Europe GmbH, Saab. This project (01/05/2020 – 31/10/2022) has received funding (€ 1 631 792) from the SESAR Joint Undertaking under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 892440.
- VUTURA is a SESAR Horizon 2020 project supporting the development of U-space; the European vision for the safe, secure and efficient management of drone traffic. The project was designed with the intent of validating the practical functionality of U-space services with tests in urban and rural areas. Flight demonstrations take place at different locations in The Netherlands (Delft, Enschede, and the Flevoland Province), in close cooperation with the Dutch Civil Aviation Authority (CAA). The project has four major goals:
– Validate the use of shared airspace between existing airspace users (manned aviation) and drones.
– Validate that more than one U-space Service Provider (USP) can provide U-space services in a specific airspace, and the procedures to manage the drone flights, including the involvement of Air Traffic Control (ATC).
– Ensure that the developments within SESAR and the services of commercial USP’s are aligned and contribute to proposals for aligning these (if needed) and for regulation and standardization
– Increase the pace by which European cities and companies exploit emerging technologies related to drones. This will improve quality of life in cities, create concrete socio-economic outcomes and help European companies to take a leading position in the new smart city market.
6. National Aviation Authorities
7. Air Navigation Service Provider
|Flag||Country or Region||Air Navigation Service Provider’s Name||Website|
|Armenia||Armenian Air Traffic Services (ARMATS)||www.armats.com|
|Azerbaijan||Azerbaijan Air Navigation Services (AZANS)||www.azans.az|
|Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg, north-west Germany||EUROCONTROL Maastricht UAC||www.eurocontrol.int|
|Brazil||Departamento de Controle do Espaço Aéreo (DECEA)||www.decea.gov.br|
|Bulgaria||Bulgarian Air Traffic Services Authority (BULATSA)||bulatsa.com|
|Central America||Corporación Centroamericana de Servicios de Navegación Aérea (COCESNA)||www.cocesna.org|
|China||Civil Aviation Administration of China||www.caac.gov.cn|
|Croatia||Croatia Control – Croatian Air Navigation Services||www.crocontrol.hr|
|Curaçao||Dutch Caribbean Air Navigation Service Provider (DC-ANSP)||www.dc-ansp.org|
|Czech Republic||Air Navigation Services of the Czech Republic (ANS CR)||www.ans.cz|
|Egypt||National Air Navigation Services Company (NANSC)||www.nansceg.net|
|Estonia||Estonian Air Navigation Services (EANS)||www.eans.ee|
|France||Direction des Services de la navigation aérienne (DSNA)||www.developpement-durable.gouv.fr|
|Germany||Deutsche Flugsicherung (DFS)||www.dfs.de|
|Germany||The Tower Company||www.the-tower-company.de|
|Global (UK-based)||National Air Traffic Services (NATS)||www.nats.aero|
|Hong Kong||Civil Aviation Department (Hong Kong)||www.cad.gov.hk|
|India||Airports Authority of India (AAI)||www.aai.aero|
|Ireland||Irish Aviation Authority (IAA)||www.iaa.ie|
|Italy||ENAV (Ente Nazionale di Assistenza al Volo)||www.enav.it|
|Jersey||Jersey – CICZ||www.jersey-airport.com|
|Latvia||Latvijas Gaisa Satiksme (LGS)||www.lgs.lv|
|Madagascar||Agence pour la Securité de la Navigation Aerienne en Afrique et Madagascar (ASECNA)||www.asecna.aero|
|Malta||Malta Air Traffic Services (MATS)||www.maltats.com|
|Moldova||Moldovian Air Traffic Services Authority (MoldATSA)||www.moldatsa.md|
|Netherlands||Luchtverkeersleiding Nederland (LVNL)||www.lvnl.nl|
|New Zealand||Airways New Zealand||www.airways.co.nz|
|Nigeria||Nigerian Airspace Management Agency (NAMA)||www.nama.gov.ng|
|Pakistan||Civil Aviation Authority of Pakistan (CAA Pakistan)||www.caapakistan.com.pk|
|Peru||Corporación Peruana de Aeropuertos y Aviación Comercial (CORPAC)||www.corpac.gob.pe|
|Poland||Polish Air Navigation Services Agency (PANSA)||www.pansa.pl|
|Portugal||NAV Portugal (pt) (Navegação Aérea de Portugal)||www.nav.pt|
|Romania||Romanian Air Traffic Services Administration (ro) (ROMATSA)||www.romatsa.ro|
|Russia||Federal Air Navigation Authority (FANA)||www.gsga.ru|
|Saudi Arabia||Air Navigation Service|
|Serbia and Montenegro||Serbia and Montenegro Air Traffic Services Agency (SMATSA)||www.smatsa.rs|
|Slovakia||Letové prevádzkové služby (sk) (LPS)||www.lps.sk|
|South Africa||Air Traffic & Navigation Services (ATNS)||www.atns.com|
|Spain||Aeropuertos Españoles y Navegación Aérea (Aena)||www.aena.es|
|Taiwan||Air Navigation and Weather Services (ANWS)||www.anws.gov.tw|
|Thailand||Aeronautical Radio of Thailand (th) (AEROTHAI)||www.aerothai.co.th|
|Trinidad and Tobago||Trinidad and Tobago Civil Aviation Authority (TTCAA)||www.caa.gov.tt|
|Turkey||Devlet Hava Meydanları İşletmesi (tr) (DHMI, State Airports Authority)||www.dhmi.gov.tr|
|Uganda||Civil Aviation Authority of Uganda (CAA Uganda)||www.caa.co.ug|
|Ukraine||Ukrainian State Air Traffic Service Enterprise (UkSATSE)||uksatse.ua|
|United States||Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)||www.faa.gov|
|Venezuela||Instituto Nacional de Aeronáutica Civil (INAC)||www.inac.gob.ve|